الاستراتيجيه للبحث العلمي
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عزيزي الزائر / عزيزتي الزائرة يرجي التكرم بتسجبل الدخول اذا كنت عضو معنا
او التسجيل ان لم تكن عضو وترغب في الانضمام الي اسرة المنتدي العلمي
سنتشرف بتسجيلك والانضمام للنخبه العلميه
آلأسترآتيجيه للبحث العلمي اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 438964
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الاستراتيجيه للبحث العلمي
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عزيزي الزائر / عزيزتي الزائرة يرجي التكرم بتسجبل الدخول اذا كنت عضو معنا
او التسجيل ان لم تكن عضو وترغب في الانضمام الي اسرة المنتدي العلمي
سنتشرف بتسجيلك والانضمام للنخبه العلميه
آلأسترآتيجيه للبحث العلمي اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 438964
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الاستراتيجيه للبحث العلمي
هل تريد التفاعل مع هذه المساهمة؟ كل ما عليك هو إنشاء حساب جديد ببضع خطوات أو تسجيل الدخول للمتابعة.

الاستراتيجيه للبحث العلمي

البحث العلمي :إنه محاولة لاكتشاف المعرفة والتنقيب عنها وتنميتها وفحصها وتحقيقها بدقة ونقد عميق ثم عرضها بشكل متكامل ولكي تسير في ركب الحضارة العلمية ..
 
البوابةالرئيسيةمكتبة الصورالأحداثالمنشوراتس .و .جبحـثالتسجيلالأعضاءالمجموعاتدخول

 

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اذهب الى الأسفل 
5 مشترك
انتقل الى الصفحة : الصفحة السابقة  1, 2
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أم هيثم
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي



عدد الرسائل : 12
تاريخ التسجيل : 21/06/2010

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اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية

وجدت هدا العنوان عند الدخول الي موقع الاستراتيجية فهل هو مقالة اورساله ماجستير
وجدت روابط اسفل العنوان ولكن لاتضمن محتوى للعنوان
اريد الاطلاع علي محتوى هدا العنوان ادا كان ممكن
وشكرا أم هيثم
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
أم هيثم
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي
أم هيثم


انثى الابراج : الحمل القط
عدد الرسائل : 12
المزاج : معتدله
احترام القانون : اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 69583210
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تاريخ التسجيل : 21/06/2010
نقاط : 4775
السٌّمعَة : 10

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[size=9][size=9]1
The Use of Performance Metrics as a Strategic Management Tool
*Terry R. Collins, Ph.D., P.E.
Assistant Professor
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
Manuel D. Rossetti, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
Julie A. Watson
Research Associate
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
ABSTRACT
This paper was presented from research conducted at the University of Arkansas through the auspice of
The Logistics Institute (TLI) and Department of Industrial Engineering. The research study was
conducted for a governmental agency to develop a core set of meaningful, balanced and robust
performance metrics to be used in the strategic management decision making process. The performance
metrics collected from previous TLI research and a comprehensive literature review were been compiled
and categorized into four primary dimensions of, cycle-time, quality, financial, and resource. This paper
presents the research methodologies used to develop and verify the four categories of performance
metrics.
KEYWORDS: Performance Measurement, Strategic Decision Making, Balanced Scorecard, Oregon
Productivity Matrix
INTRODUCTION
This paper presents the methodology of selecting and monitoring predetermined performance metrics for
a governmental agency. All of the work completed on this project has been under the guidance of The
Logistics Institute (TLI), and the United States Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The DLA-Defense
Distribution Center (DDC) is a branch of the Department of Defense. The DLA-DDC has distribution
depots strategically positioned around the world. This project focused on the receiving and stowing of
items into the 24 depots across the continental U.S. and issuing of materiel to military installations around
the world. The DLA depots located in the continental U.S. store over 4 million items or National Stock
Numbers (NSN.s) with a value exceeding 8 billion dollars.
The Logistics Institute is an Industry/University Cooperative Research Center co-jointly administered by
the University of Arkansas and Georgia Tech Industrial Engineering Departments. The program began in
1982 as the Material Handling Research Center (MHRC) at Georgia Tech. In 1991, The Logistics
2
Institute and the University of Arkansas joined the MHRC, and in 1994 the MHRC changed officially to
The Logistic Institute partnering Georgia Tech and the University of Arkansas.
Since there are several interpretations for the term .performance measurement. it is appropriate to
provide a clear definition used in the context of this study. Performance measurement consists of a set of
analytical tools that take measurements, display recordable results, and the ability to initiate actions based
on the measurement results [8]. Performance measurement is essentially comprised of several criteria
consisting of: effectiveness, efficiency, quality, productivity, quality of work life, innovation, and
profitability [2,9].
The remainder of this paper will discuss the objectives of the project, and the development, selection and
testing of the methodology. The performance metric ballot and balloting process will also be presented.
Additional information will be provided on how the various categories were defined and developed.
PROJECT GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
There were several initiatives for this project regarding the development of performance metrics for use in
the strategic decision making process for DLA. The first and foremost goal of the project was to develop
a core set of appropriate, balanced, and robust performance metrics for the DLA depots. In close
association to developing the set of performance metrics, a secondary goal was to identify the necessary
information technology architecture/analysis tools that were available. This would enable DLA to
categorize the most important performance metrics such that the complexity of monitoring and tracking
the metrics would be manageable.
Once the goals of the project were identified, the next phase was to set clearly defined objectives to meet
the expectations of the study. The project objectives are presented below:
1. analysis of the current DLA performance metrics with industry and the DLA mission to identify
critical metrics relevant to the strategic decision making process,
2. accumulate and categorize a core set of critical performance metrics for DLA use,
3. identify and select the most appropriate methodology for integrating the performance measures
for use in the strategic decision making process, and
4. analysis of current DLA information systems will be required to determine the level of data
support for the proposed methodology.
LITERATURE REVIEW
In order to satisfy the aforementioned objectives a thorough literature review was needed to identify the
most appropriate method for collecting, categorizing, and presenting the results of the selected
performance metrics. Choosing which metrics to monitor and track is typically the most arduous task
when developing a performance measurement system. Fortunately, the drudgery of defining all of the
potential performance metrics had already been done by Watson, Malstrom, and Landers in a previous
TLI study for DLA [10]. The study generated a total of 247 performance measures that were considered
metrics. This best practices logistics performance evaluation study reviewed earlier research work which
provided insight on the methodologies used to administer a best practices studies [1,3,6,7]. Most of this
3
research had a logistics focus, however, all of the research applied to the general strategic decision
making mission for the DLA.
Utilizing all 247-performance metrics would be well beyond the capabilities of any performance metric
evaluation system. Therefore, the best practices study consolidated duplicate metrics and organized the
metrics into four common categories. These categories were cycle time, quality, financial, and resource.
Captured within each category was the matching performance metrics. In particular, the cycle time
grouping of metrics focused on how responsive DLA was to meeting customer needs. The quality
metrics specifically dealt with service quality. Monitoring both, short and long-term profitability was the
purpose of the financial metrics. Finally, using resource metrics in the performance measurement system
helped address the delicate issues of depot capacity and facility utilization.
Once the performance metrics were categorized, a methodology for collectively evaluating the metrics
was needed. In review of the research literature there were two performance measurement evaluation
models which provided the best fit with the objectives of the research study. These two models were the
Balanced Scorecard developed by Kaplan and Norton [5], and the Oregon Productivity Matrix Model
developed by the Oregon Productivity Center at Oregon State University [ 4 ].
The Balanced Scorecard provided the best fit with the ability to incorporate company missions and
strategic management into a tool that monitored and tracked performance against set goals. The best and
most distinguishing characteristic about the Balanced Scorecard model was it evaluated past performance
as outcome measures and integrated these measures with long-range strategic management metrics which
tend to drive future performance. Therefore, the Balanced Scorecard was said to be balanced in the sense
that companies looked at the short and long term goals of the organization. Figure 1 illustrates how the
Balanced Scorecard maps the strategic mission of the organization to the Balanced Scorecard categories.
Figure 1. Using the Balanced Approach to determine the Balanced Scorecard Categories
Processes
Customers
Financial
Return
Learning
and
Growth
Resource
Balanced Approach
Cycle Time
Financial
Quality
Balanced Scorecard Categories
4
The Oregon Productivity Matrix did not significantly differ from the Balanced Scorecard with one
exception. The Oregon Productivity Matrix took multiple metrics and used a seven step process and
subjective weighting system to rank/prioritize the metrics. The metrics were then added up to give a
cummulative composite score. This single index was the indicator of how well the company was doing
against the performance metrics. Figure 2 shows the seven-step process for the Oregon Productivity
Matrix.
Figure 2. Seven Step Process for Oregon Productivity Matrix
PERFORMANCE METRICS BALLOT
The initial components of the ballot were developed in an earlier TLI study with DLA-DDC [10]. TLI
researchers gathered preliminary information on performance metrics through direct contact with DLA
personnel and a TLI sponsored workshop with industry leaders. Figures 3, 4, and 5 show some of the
information collected and used to develop specific metrics.
Figure 3. Percent Activity for Issues and Receipts
(Step 1)
Select
Metrics
(Step 6)
Weight
Assignment to
Metrics
(Step 7)
Single Index
Number
(Step 2)
Define Goal
Levels
(Step 5)
Performance
Scores are
Recorded
(Step 3)
Identify Current Level of
Performance
(Step 4)
Identify Scores for
Actual Performance
OREGON PRODUCTIVITY MATRIX
Issuances (on-base and
off-base)
[size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
Receipts
[size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
Disposals
Routine
High priority
Station returns
New procurements
5
The selection of the Balanced Scorecard methodology as the performance measurement system was very
appropriate as it systematically organized the performance metrics into groupings by category. Once the
four categories were identified it was necessary to construct a survey instrument that would dramatically
narrow down the list of metrics. The 97 performance metrics needed to be reduced to approximately 4 to
5 in each of the four Balanced Scorecard categories.
Figure 4. Volumetric Characteristics of the Items
The survey instrument selected for the study was a ballot-style questionnaire. The intent of the ballot was
to have Depot Commanders check in each category the performance metrics that were most critical to the
mission of the DLA Depot. Particular attention was given to the performance measurement issues of
customer satisfaction, service, responsiveness, type of customer (civilian/military), and the characteristics
of the items shipped.
Figure 5. Type of Customer and the proportion of retail and wholesale activity

BALLOTING PROCESS
Currently, the study is in the process of completing the ballot questionnaire with each Depot Commander.
The results of the ballots will be formalized into the Balanced Scorecard for the DLA-DDC. Once the
balloting portion of the study is complete the fourth objective of the study will be addressed. DLA
information systems will be evaluated to determine whether the selected performance metrics can be
provided for analysis using the Balanced Scorecard method. The final results of the study will be
presented in a future research paper.
[size=16]S E G M E N T
TYPE
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]RETAIL
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]WHOLESALE
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]CIVILIAN
MILITARY
[/size]
Handling Characteristics % of
TOTAL
Binable
Medium bulk
Heavy bulk
Hazardous
6
CONCLUSIONS
This paper presents the current findings of a research study being conducted for the DLA-DDC. The
results presented in this paper have identified the best performance measurement system to be used at the
DLA Depots. Using the Balanced Scorecard method, the DLA-DDC will be able to track strategic
performance metrics and make decisions that reflect the mission of the Depot.
A ballot-type questionnaire has been developed to determine the most important performance metrics for
the Depots. The selected metrics from each category will be used in the Balanced Scorecard. One unique
feature on the Balanced Scorecard performance measurement system is that current metrics can be easily
replaced with new metrics as the mission of DLA changes in time. This enables the system to be flexible
and attentive to the time-based strategic management objectives of the DLA-DDC.
Thus far, this study has been very successful in developing a performance measurement system for the
DLA-DDC. The four objectives mentioned in the introduction section of this paper are in the process of
being satisfied. The first three objectives are near completion, and the fourth objective will be met once
the performance metrics for the Balanced Scorecard have been identified.
REFERENCES
1. A.T. Kearney, Inc. (1990) .Improving Quality and Productivity in the Logistics Process-Achieving
Customer Satisfaction Breakthroughs, Oak Brook:CLM
2. Brinkerhoff , R. and D. Dressler, (1990) .Productivity Measurement: A guide for Managers and
Evaluators.. Sage Publications: Newbury Park
3. Cohen, M., Y. Zheng, and V. Agrawal, (1997) . Service Parts Logistics: A Benchmark Analysis.. IIE
Transactions, N29, 627-39.
4. Felix, G., and J. Riggs, (Autumn,1983) .Productivity Measurement by Objectives.. National
Productivity Review, 386-93.
5. Kaplan, R. and D. Norton, (1995) . Translating Strategy into Action: The Balanced Scorecard,
Boston, MA, Harvard Business School Press.
6. Michigan State University (1989) .Leading Edge Logistics Competitive Positioning for the 1990s..
Oak Brook: CLM.
7. Michigan State University (1997) . World Class Logistics: The Challenge of Managing Continuous
Change.. Oak Brook: CLM.
8. Rose, K. (1995) .A Performance Measurement Model.. Quality Progress, V28, N2, 63-6.
9. Sink, S., T. Tuttle, and S. DeVries,. (Summer,1984) . Productivity Measurement and Evaluation:
What is Available?. National Productivity Review, 265-87.
10. Watson, J., E. Malstrom, T. Landers, S. Dhodpaka, V. Smith, and R. Harris, (1999) .Best Practices:

Logistics Performance Evaluation.. The Logistics Institute Final Report, TLI-MHRC-98-01
[/size]
[/size]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
أم هيثم
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي
الفعــال آلآستــــرآتيــجي
أم هيثم


انثى الابراج : الحمل القط
عدد الرسائل : 12
المزاج : معتدله
احترام القانون : اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 69583210
اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 Jb12915568671
تاريخ التسجيل : 21/06/2010
نقاط : 4775
السٌّمعَة : 10

اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc   اثر صياغة هيكل التمويل على ربحية بيانات القوائم المالية بالشركات الصناعية اليبية filetype:doc - صفحة 2 I_icon_minitimeالإثنين يونيو 28, 2010 2:24 pm

[size=9][size=9]1
The Use of Performance Metrics as a Strategic Management Tool
*Terry R. Collins, Ph.D., P.E.
Assistant Professor
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
Manuel D. Rossetti, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
Julie A. Watson
Research Associate
Industrial Engineering Department
University of Arkansas
ABSTRACT
This paper was presented from research conducted at the University of Arkansas through the auspice of
The Logistics Institute (TLI) and Department of Industrial Engineering. The research study was
conducted for a governmental agency to develop a core set of meaningful, balanced and robust
performance metrics to be used in the strategic management decision making process. The performance
metrics collected from previous TLI research and a comprehensive literature review were been compiled
and categorized into four primary dimensions of, cycle-time, quality, financial, and resource. This paper
presents the research methodologies used to develop and verify the four categories of performance
metrics.
KEYWORDS: Performance Measurement, Strategic Decision Making, Balanced Scorecard, Oregon
Productivity Matrix
INTRODUCTION
This paper presents the methodology of selecting and monitoring predetermined performance metrics for
a governmental agency. All of the work completed on this project has been under the guidance of The
Logistics Institute (TLI), and the United States Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The DLA-Defense
Distribution Center (DDC) is a branch of the Department of Defense. The DLA-DDC has distribution
depots strategically positioned around the world. This project focused on the receiving and stowing of
items into the 24 depots across the continental U.S. and issuing of materiel to military installations around
the world. The DLA depots located in the continental U.S. store over 4 million items or National Stock
Numbers (NSN.s) with a value exceeding 8 billion dollars.
The Logistics Institute is an Industry/University Cooperative Research Center co-jointly administered by
the University of Arkansas and Georgia Tech Industrial Engineering Departments. The program began in
1982 as the Material Handling Research Center (MHRC) at Georgia Tech. In 1991, The Logistics
2
Institute and the University of Arkansas joined the MHRC, and in 1994 the MHRC changed officially to
The Logistic Institute partnering Georgia Tech and the University of Arkansas.
Since there are several interpretations for the term .performance measurement. it is appropriate to
provide a clear definition used in the context of this study. Performance measurement consists of a set of
analytical tools that take measurements, display recordable results, and the ability to initiate actions based
on the measurement results [8]. Performance measurement is essentially comprised of several criteria
consisting of: effectiveness, efficiency, quality, productivity, quality of work life, innovation, and
profitability [2,9].
The remainder of this paper will discuss the objectives of the project, and the development, selection and
testing of the methodology. The performance metric ballot and balloting process will also be presented.
Additional information will be provided on how the various categories were defined and developed.
PROJECT GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
There were several initiatives for this project regarding the development of performance metrics for use in
the strategic decision making process for DLA. The first and foremost goal of the project was to develop
a core set of appropriate, balanced, and robust performance metrics for the DLA depots. In close
association to developing the set of performance metrics, a secondary goal was to identify the necessary
information technology architecture/analysis tools that were available. This would enable DLA to
categorize the most important performance metrics such that the complexity of monitoring and tracking
the metrics would be manageable.
Once the goals of the project were identified, the next phase was to set clearly defined objectives to meet
the expectations of the study. The project objectives are presented below:
1. analysis of the current DLA performance metrics with industry and the DLA mission to identify
critical metrics relevant to the strategic decision making process,
2. accumulate and categorize a core set of critical performance metrics for DLA use,
3. identify and select the most appropriate methodology for integrating the performance measures
for use in the strategic decision making process, and
4. analysis of current DLA information systems will be required to determine the level of data
support for the proposed methodology.
LITERATURE REVIEW
In order to satisfy the aforementioned objectives a thorough literature review was needed to identify the
most appropriate method for collecting, categorizing, and presenting the results of the selected
performance metrics. Choosing which metrics to monitor and track is typically the most arduous task
when developing a performance measurement system. Fortunately, the drudgery of defining all of the
potential performance metrics had already been done by Watson, Malstrom, and Landers in a previous
TLI study for DLA [10]. The study generated a total of 247 performance measures that were considered
metrics. This best practices logistics performance evaluation study reviewed earlier research work which
provided insight on the methodologies used to administer a best practices studies [1,3,6,7]. Most of this
3
research had a logistics focus, however, all of the research applied to the general strategic decision
making mission for the DLA.
Utilizing all 247-performance metrics would be well beyond the capabilities of any performance metric
evaluation system. Therefore, the best practices study consolidated duplicate metrics and organized the
metrics into four common categories. These categories were cycle time, quality, financial, and resource.
Captured within each category was the matching performance metrics. In particular, the cycle time
grouping of metrics focused on how responsive DLA was to meeting customer needs. The quality
metrics specifically dealt with service quality. Monitoring both, short and long-term profitability was the
purpose of the financial metrics. Finally, using resource metrics in the performance measurement system
helped address the delicate issues of depot capacity and facility utilization.
Once the performance metrics were categorized, a methodology for collectively evaluating the metrics
was needed. In review of the research literature there were two performance measurement evaluation
models which provided the best fit with the objectives of the research study. These two models were the
Balanced Scorecard developed by Kaplan and Norton [5], and the Oregon Productivity Matrix Model
developed by the Oregon Productivity Center at Oregon State University [ 4 ].
The Balanced Scorecard provided the best fit with the ability to incorporate company missions and
strategic management into a tool that monitored and tracked performance against set goals. The best and
most distinguishing characteristic about the Balanced Scorecard model was it evaluated past performance
as outcome measures and integrated these measures with long-range strategic management metrics which
tend to drive future performance. Therefore, the Balanced Scorecard was said to be balanced in the sense
that companies looked at the short and long term goals of the organization. Figure 1 illustrates how the
Balanced Scorecard maps the strategic mission of the organization to the Balanced Scorecard categories.
Figure 1. Using the Balanced Approach to determine the Balanced Scorecard Categories
Processes
Customers
Financial
Return
Learning
and
Growth
Resource
Balanced Approach
Cycle Time
Financial
Quality
Balanced Scorecard Categories
4
The Oregon Productivity Matrix did not significantly differ from the Balanced Scorecard with one
exception. The Oregon Productivity Matrix took multiple metrics and used a seven step process and
subjective weighting system to rank/prioritize the metrics. The metrics were then added up to give a
cummulative composite score. This single index was the indicator of how well the company was doing
against the performance metrics. Figure 2 shows the seven-step process for the Oregon Productivity
Matrix.
Figure 2. Seven Step Process for Oregon Productivity Matrix
PERFORMANCE METRICS BALLOT
The initial components of the ballot were developed in an earlier TLI study with DLA-DDC [10]. TLI
researchers gathered preliminary information on performance metrics through direct contact with DLA
personnel and a TLI sponsored workshop with industry leaders. Figures 3, 4, and 5 show some of the
information collected and used to develop specific metrics.
Figure 3. Percent Activity for Issues and Receipts
(Step 1)
Select
Metrics
(Step 6)
Weight
Assignment to
Metrics
(Step 7)
Single Index
Number
(Step 2)
Define Goal
Levels
(Step 5)
Performance
Scores are
Recorded
(Step 3)
Identify Current Level of
Performance
(Step 4)
Identify Scores for
Actual Performance
OREGON PRODUCTIVITY MATRIX
Issuances (on-base and
off-base)
[size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
Receipts
[size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
Disposals
Routine
High priority
Station returns
New procurements
5
The selection of the Balanced Scorecard methodology as the performance measurement system was very
appropriate as it systematically organized the performance metrics into groupings by category. Once the
four categories were identified it was necessary to construct a survey instrument that would dramatically
narrow down the list of metrics. The 97 performance metrics needed to be reduced to approximately 4 to
5 in each of the four Balanced Scorecard categories.
Figure 4. Volumetric Characteristics of the Items
The survey instrument selected for the study was a ballot-style questionnaire. The intent of the ballot was
to have Depot Commanders check in each category the performance metrics that were most critical to the
mission of the DLA Depot. Particular attention was given to the performance measurement issues of
customer satisfaction, service, responsiveness, type of customer (civilian/military), and the characteristics
of the items shipped.
Figure 5. Type of Customer and the proportion of retail and wholesale activity

BALLOTING PROCESS
Currently, the study is in the process of completing the ballot questionnaire with each Depot Commander.
The results of the ballots will be formalized into the Balanced Scorecard for the DLA-DDC. Once the
balloting portion of the study is complete the fourth objective of the study will be addressed. DLA
information systems will be evaluated to determine whether the selected performance metrics can be
provided for analysis using the Balanced Scorecard method. The final results of the study will be
presented in a future research paper.
[size=16]S E G M E N T
TYPE
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]RETAIL
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]WHOLESALE
[/size][size=7]% of
TOTAL
[/size]
[size=16]CIVILIAN
MILITARY
[/size]
Handling Characteristics % of
TOTAL
Binable
Medium bulk
Heavy bulk
Hazardous
6
CONCLUSIONS
This paper presents the current findings of a research study being conducted for the DLA-DDC. The
results presented in this paper have identified the best performance measurement system to be used at the
DLA Depots. Using the Balanced Scorecard method, the DLA-DDC will be able to track strategic
performance metrics and make decisions that reflect the mission of the Depot.
A ballot-type questionnaire has been developed to determine the most important performance metrics for
the Depots. The selected metrics from each category will be used in the Balanced Scorecard. One unique
feature on the Balanced Scorecard performance measurement system is that current metrics can be easily
replaced with new metrics as the mission of DLA changes in time. This enables the system to be flexible
and attentive to the time-based strategic management objectives of the DLA-DDC.
Thus far, this study has been very successful in developing a performance measurement system for the
DLA-DDC. The four objectives mentioned in the introduction section of this paper are in the process of
being satisfied. The first three objectives are near completion, and the fourth objective will be met once
the performance metrics for the Balanced Scorecard have been identified.
REFERENCES
1. A.T. Kearney, Inc. (1990) .Improving Quality and Productivity in the Logistics Process-Achieving
Customer Satisfaction Breakthroughs, Oak Brook:CLM
2. Brinkerhoff , R. and D. Dressler, (1990) .Productivity Measurement: A guide for Managers and
Evaluators.. Sage Publications: Newbury Park
3. Cohen, M., Y. Zheng, and V. Agrawal, (1997) . Service Parts Logistics: A Benchmark Analysis.. IIE
Transactions, N29, 627-39.
4. Felix, G., and J. Riggs, (Autumn,1983) .Productivity Measurement by Objectives.. National
Productivity Review, 386-93.
5. Kaplan, R. and D. Norton, (1995) . Translating Strategy into Action: The Balanced Scorecard,
Boston, MA, Harvard Business School Press.
6. Michigan State University (1989) .Leading Edge Logistics Competitive Positioning for the 1990s..
Oak Brook: CLM.
7. Michigan State University (1997) . World Class Logistics: The Challenge of Managing Continuous
Change.. Oak Brook: CLM.
8. Rose, K. (1995) .A Performance Measurement Model.. Quality Progress, V28, N2, 63-6.
9. Sink, S., T. Tuttle, and S. DeVries,. (Summer,1984) . Productivity Measurement and Evaluation:
What is Available?. National Productivity Review, 265-87.
10. Watson, J., E. Malstrom, T. Landers, S. Dhodpaka, V. Smith, and R. Harris, (1999) .Best Practices:

Logistics Performance Evaluation.. The Logistics Institute Final Report, TLI-MHRC-98-01
[/size]
[/size]
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